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Liver Resection - Symptoms

Liver Resection - How to prevent?

Liver Resection - Causes and Risk Factors

Liver Resection - Diagnosis

Liver Resection - Treatments

What does it involve?

Depending on the tumour and patient factors, liver resection can be in the form of conventional open surgery,
or keyhole access (laparoscopic or robotic) surgery. If the right side of your liver is removed, your gallbladder (attached to the liver) may also be removed. In some patients, the bile duct may need to be removed and subsequently connected to the intestine with a joint (anastomosis). Your doctor will explain in detail which type of surgery you will have. This operation typically takes 2 to 6 hours to perform, or more depending on the complexity of the surgery and its approach. Your surgeon may close your incision with staples, sutures (stitches), or glue.

What are the risks & complications of liver resection?

If a large portion of the liver needs to be removed or if the remaining liver is unhealthy, there is a chance of  developing liver insuffciency or failure.

Bleeding during/after surgery. Blood transfusion may be required if bleeding occurs.
Bile leak can occur either from the cut liver surface or from a joint (anastomosis) between the bile duct and a loop of intestine.

Other possible problems include wound and intra-abdominal infections, injury to other organs, blood clots in the lung, urinary tract and lung infections. Precautions will be taken by the surgeons to minimise these complications as far as possible e.g. prophylactic antibiotics, calf compressors etc.

What can I expect after the procedure?

You will be informed on the recovery process and pain  management more specically by a medical professional. Early oral intake and ambulation is encouraged during recovery.
What to expect after surgery?

Are there other treatments available for liver tumours?

There are other treatments possible for liver cancer:
Ablation – This treatment destroys liver tumours without removing them. Suitable as rst line treatment for a small tumour via a thin, needle-like probe which heats the tumour using high energy radio waves (Radiofrequency Ablation) or microwave energy (Microwave Ablation).
Embolisation – Chemotherapy drugs (Transarterial Chemoembolisation) or radioactive beads (Selective Internal Radiation Therapy) administered via a feeding
blood vessels through the groin. The drugs are delivered directly to the liver tumours to decrease the size of the tumours.
Systemic Therapy – Targeted drugs work by interfering with specic abnormalities within a tumour. They have been shown to slow or stop advanced liver cancer from progressing for a few months longer than with no treatment.
External Beam Radiotherapy (EBRT) – A treatment utilizing non-invasive photon or particle radiation, delivered to control the symptoms of a tumour for the short term. For more radical indications such as longer term control of localized unresectable cases, Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy (SBRT), which can deliver a higher dose of radiation may be used.
Liver Transplant – If the patient is deemed suitable and within the liver transplant criteria, a donor provides a full or partial liver to replace the diseased liver in another person. There are 2 types of transplant. Deceased Donor Liver Transplant (DDLT) where the donated liver come from people who have died suddenly from an accident or bleeding into the brain; and Living Donor Liver Transplant (LDLT) which involves a living donor giving a portion of his or her liver to a family member in need of a liver transplant.

Liver Transplantation (Living Donor)

Liver Transplant

Liver Resection - Preparing for surgery

Liver Resection - Post-surgery care

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