A key aspect of Healthier SG, vaccination is a vital component of developing a health plan that includes lifestyle adjustments and regular health screening. Vaccines have been proven to be a successful, safe and effective way to protect our community against serious and life-threatening diseases. They can help to prevent serious complications and premature death, especially among vulnerable and high-risk groups such as seniors and persons with certain medical conditions.
Experts from the Department of Infectious Diseases and Department of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine, Changi General Hospital (CGH), share more about some common vaccinations.
There are four strains of the dengue virus, which is transmitted through the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes. You can be infected with dengue as many as four times in your life, because of the different dengue strains. The majority of these infections are asymptomatic or produce only mild illness, but occasionally, there can be more severe cases, some of which may even prove fatal.
The flu (or influenza) is different from the common cold and is spread when an infected person coughs, sneezes or speaks. It is caused by a group of influenza viruses, predominantly types A and B.
Pneumococcal disease is caused by the streptococcus pneumoniae bacterium. The disease can be life-threatening, and involves infections of the lungs (pneumonia), the membrane covering the brain (meningitis) and other serious infections. This is spread through direct contact with another person’s respiratory secretions such as saliva or mucus.
Shingles is caused by the varicella zoster virus, which is the same virus that causes chickenpox. Shingles manifests in the form of a burning pain of extreme sensitivity in one area of the skin, rash as well as fluid-filled blisters. The virus is spread through direct contact with fluid from these blisters.
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