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Ocular Inflammation and Immunology

Ocular Inflammation and Immunology - Symptoms

Ocular Inflammation and Immunology - How to prevent?

Ocular Inflammation and Immunology - Causes and Risk Factors

What causes ocular inflammation?
Ocular inflammation may be the result of a wide variety of causes, including infection and inflammatory disorders. Some conditions may affect other parts of the body. In many cases however, despite thorough investigations, the cause remains unknown.

Condition Symptoms Possible diagnosis
Redness, pain, watering

Idiopathic episcleritis
Anterior scleritis (diffuse or nodular, with or without necrosis)
Posterior scleritis

Anterior uveitis
Redness,pain, photophobia, watering,
elevated eye pressure, vision may or may not be affected
Idiopathic anterior uveitis
HLA-B27 related uveitis
Herpetic keratouveitis
Posner Schlossman syndrome
Fuchs Heterochromic iridocyclitis
Cytomegalovirus anterior uveitis
Intermediate uveitis
Pars Planitis
Floaters, blurred visionIdiopathic intermediate uveitis
Underlying systemic disease
(Multiple sclerosis, sarcoidosis, syphilis,
Tuberculosis, Lyme disease)
Posterior uveitis
Blurred visionInfective: Toxoplasmosis
Viral retinitis (including acute retinal necrosis): Varicella zoster virus, herpes simplex virus, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus
Dengue-associated disease
Retinal VasculitisBlurred vision, floatersEales Disease
Behcets disease
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Polyarteritis nodosa
Wegeners granulomatosis
Infective: Tuberculosis, syphilis, viral, toxoplasmosis
Infective panuveitis
All of aboveExogenous from open wound (e.g. trauma, post-op)
Endogenous from internal source
through the blood stream (e.g. hepatobiliary disease, urinary tract infection)
Non-infective panuveitis

All of aboveBehcets Disease
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease
Sympathetic Ophthalmia
Masquerade syndromes (tumour related)

Ocular Inflammation and Immunology - Preparing for surgery

Ocular Inflammation and Immunology - Post-surgery care

Ocular Inflammation and Immunology - Other Information

The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth