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Easing the pressure

CGH Chief Nurse and WHC Co-director Ms Png Gek Kheng (left) with a wound care nurse.

Six steps to preventing and managing a pressure I.N.J.U.R.Y.

Constant exposure of skin to moisture from urine or faeces can cause skin damage, increasing risks of pressure ulcers. Practise good personal hygiene to prevent skin breakdown.

Cleanse skin with water or pH-balanced cleansers, and dry skin gently and thorougly after each episode of incontinence. Check with a wound care specialist or nurse on suitable products for protection and dry skin.

Eating a balanced diet provides the nutrients required to maintain healthy skin.

Move regularly to prevent pressure injuries. Turn bed-bound patients every two hours, changing their lying positions to the right, left and flat.

If chair-bound, change positions at least thrice per hour while seated. With a caregiver’s help, lean forward and back or to the sides; raise the body from the chair by lifting upward, or lift feet off the footrest regularly.

There are many types of mattresses, cushions and aids designed to reduce pressure on the skin.

Detect pressure injuries early by checking the skin for:

  • Unhealthy colour changes that do not go away, such as red, purple, blue or black skin.
  • Skin texture changes like dry patches, swelling, blisters or skin breakage.
  • Changes in skin temperature, such as warmer or cooler areas of skin.

See a healthcare professional if you notice skin changes. A worsened pressure injury can become harder to treat and lead to complications.











  • 不健康、不消退的肤色变化,例如红色、紫色、蓝色或黑色的皮肤。
  • 皮肤质地的变化,例如皮肤出现干燥斑块、肿胀、水泡或破裂。
  • 皮肤温度的变化,例如温度升高或降低的皮肤部分。


Easing the pressure