Dislocations can also be posterior, inferior, superior or intrathoracic,
although these are very rare and can cause a number of complications
and extensive damage to surrounding structures.
What causes shoulder dislocation?
The shoulder joint is one of the most mobile, which sacrifices
stability, and thus, prone to dislocations, Shoulder dislocations is
usually acute, caused by direct or indirect trauma such as a fall or
forced abduction and external rotation
In those with highly
unstable glenohumeral joints, shoulder dislocations commonly become a
reoccurring problem, with many people learning how to reduce them
What are the symptoms?
You will experience a sudden onset of severe pain, and often you will have a feeling of the shoulder 'popping out'.
When comparing the oinjured shoulder with the other, the injured
shoulder will often look obviously different to the other side, usually
loosing the smooth, rounded contour.
There may also be pins and needles or numbness through the arm to the hand, if there is any nerve damage.
What can you do?
The first thing to do is to protect the shoulder joint and prevent
further damage (e.g. rest in a sling). Secondly, seek medical attention
as soon as possible.
How is shoulder dislocation treated?
It is vitally important to seek medical attention when you sustain a
dislocation,, even if the shoulder pops straight back into position on
its own. There is a strong likelihood that you will need some
rehabilitation to help you regain both the function of the shoulder, and
to prevent it from dislocating again.
The doctor may recommend surgery if the shoulder is regularly dislocating, or if there is an associated fracture.
After the period of initial immobilization, you will be directed to
gradually increase your range of pain free movement. To prevent
reoccurrences, you will also need to strengthen the rotator cuff muscles
which support the shoulder joint .